Pediatric Percutaneous interventions. Present and Future perspectives (pp. 661-596)
Authors: (Lourdes Prieto)
Abstract: The field of catheter based intervention for congenital heart lesions spans nearly half a century beginning with the Rashkind balloon atrial septostomy first performed in 1966 , shortly followed by the first successful percutaneous closure of the patent ductus by Porstmann in 1967 . About a decade later in 1976 King and Mills reported the first transcatheter closure of an atrial septal defect in a human . The widespread application of this procedure would have to wait over two decades of intense technical development. Balloon dilation of a stenotic pulmonary valve, described by Kan in 1982, was the first percutaneous intervention to gain wide acceptance as the first line of treatment for a congenital cardiac lesion . From this relatively straightforward procedure to the recent development of transcatheter pulmonary valve replacement , this chapter will review the current state of the art and future directions of pediatric cardiac intervention.
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