Project Management Leadership Styles of Nigerian Construction Professionals (pp. 159-170)
Authors: Ayodeji Emmanuel Oke
Abstract: Leadership is a vital requirement of a project manager in ensuring that the efforts of other persons are directed toward the accomplishment of organizational objectives. The aim of this research is to assess project managersí leadership styles of construction professionals in Nigeria using various criteria. A total of 70 questionnaires were administered using convenience sampling method on construction professionals out of which a total of 57 were returned and considered fit for analyses. Jerrell/Slevin management instrument was used in the analysis based on the identified questions on the noted 4 leadership styles and construction professionals were also involved in ranking the 10 identified leadership styles. Mean item score was used in the analysis of the data collected through survey. Using the Jerrell/Slevin management instrument, architects and engineers were found to exhibit shareholder leadership styles while quantity surveyors and builders were found to be autocratic in exhibiting their project management leadership role. From respondentsí opinion, it was observed on the general note that archtects and builders in Nigeria do exhibit autocratic leadership style while quantity surveyors and engineers exhibit task oriented leadership style. It was further observed that none of the construction professionals in Nigeria exhibit democratic or cooperative style which has been described as the best style of leadership according to literature and this call for flexibility in their leadership. Since there are different types of project managersí leadership styles, the study recommended that the most appropriate leadership style for different kinds of projects should be adopted by professionals.