Catalytic Regulation and Utilization of Greenhouse Gases (pp. 65-104)
Authors: (Benjaram M. Reddy, Gode Thrimurthulu and Pankaj Bharali)
Abstract: As known, the most abundant greenhouse gases in the order of their relative abundance are water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, ozone, and halogenated gases. It is rather complicated to affirm that a certain gas causes a certain percentage of the greenhouse effect, because the influence of various gases is not simple additive. Research on the application of catalytic materials for regulation and utilization of greenhouse gases has been receiving continued attention in view of the gravity of the problem. There have long been major areas of research on the design of most efficient catalytic materials to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and hence global warming. The greenhouse gases could be transformed to different value-added products or decomposed into nontoxic gases through various catalytic approaches. Currently, a number of reactions and processes are under active investigation which hold promise for the utilization of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in chemicals synthesis. This chapter is focused on the application of catalytic materials in the regulation of greenhouse gas emissions. Also special emphasis has been given to different catalytic processes in which greenhouse gases could be converted into value-added products thereby reducing their large quantities.