Siblings exposed to intimate partner violence: Family predictors of child trauma symptoms (pp. 281-295)
Authors: Ashley Stewart-Tufescu and Caroline C Piotrowski
Abstract: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the influence of familial factors on child trauma symptoms in children exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV). Building upon past research, the trauma symptoms of siblings were compared, and the role of these familial factors, maternal stress and the quality of mother-child interactions, in relation to children’s trauma symptoms was explored. Results indicated sibling trauma symptoms were significantly related, and that older siblings demonstrated significantly more trauma symptoms than younger siblings. Sibling trauma symptoms, maternal stress and the quality of mother-child interactions accounted for a significant amount of variance in trauma symptoms for both older and younger siblings. An exploration of maternal differential treatment indicated mothers directed significantly more positive behaviours towards older than younger siblings. Findings indicated that sibling trauma symptoms were mutually influential, and that some mothers may have compensated for stressful life circumstances with positive parent-child interactions.