Prevention of cardiovascular disease through singing (pp. 251-254)
Authors: Jing Sun, Nicholas J Buys, and Joav Merrick
Abstract: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the largest health problems and the leading cause of death internationally (1-3) and contributes significantly to health costs (4). Despite improvements over the last few decades, it remains one of the biggest burdens on our economy. CVD are widely prevalent, with one-in-three adults having current CVD being overweight, physically inactive and having symptoms of depression and anxiety (1). For example, ninety percent of Australian adults have at least one modifiable risk factor (MRF) for heart, stroke and vascular diseases and 25% have three or more MRFs (1). These MRFs include central obesity, insufficient physical activity, high blood pressure, dyslipidaemia, including high cholesterol (LDL-C), low cholesterol (HDL-C) and high triglyceride (TG) levels, cigarette smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and emotional stress (1).
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