Assessment of energy and nutrient intakes among Saharawi children hosted in Spain (pp. 193-198)
Authors: Gloria Domènech, Sabina Escortell, Rosa Gilabert, Manuel Lucena, Ma C Martínez, Jordi Mañes, and Jose M Soriano
Abstract: The objective was to examine anthropometric measurements and to evaluate the daily energy and nutrient intakes of Saharawi children of Tindouf (Algeria) hosted in Spain. To date, it is the first report about energy and nutrient intakes in these hosted children. Study group: Saharawi children of refugees camp in Tindouf (Algeria) aged 4-13 years (n =270), hosting in Spanish families during summertime. Methods: Anthropometric measures and energy and nutrient intakes for a 7-day periods using the weighed food intake method were evaluated in these children and compared with the values of Institute of Medicine. Results: The highest value of BMI was obtained for girls aged from 9 to 13 (20.2 kg m-2). Mean energy intake was ranged from 8.0 to 9.0 MJ day-1 for girls aged from 4 to 8, and for boys aged from 9 and 13, respectively. The highest value of the carbohydrate and fat intakes were for Saharawi boys aged from 9 to 13, but the highest value of protein intake were Saharawi girls aged from 9 to 13. The PUFA/SFA ratio is lower than 0.5 and the (PUFA+MUFA)/SFA values are <2 for studied Saharawi children. Five (vitamin D and E, potassium, calcium and iodine) out of twenty-three micronutrients intakes below than the recommended values, being the low value of iodine an advantage for these children due to that suffer goitre for excessive intake of iodine in their refugee camps. Conclusions: Our study reflected in some nutrients an inadequately intakes for these hosted children.