DIR®/Floortime: Evidence based practice towards the treatment of autism and sensory processing disorder in children and adolescents (pp. 267-274)
Authors: Esther B Hess
Abstract: Interventions for children/adolescents with developmental delays such as autism have often been limited to behavioral approaches that focus on the successful completion of a task rather than in the joyous reciprocal interaction of individuals relating to one and another. DIR/Floortime™ (Developmental, Individual Difference, Relationship-based) offers an alternative perspective to therapy that takes into account an individual’s intrinsic level of interest and then expands on that initial level of motivation to incorporate mutual interest of others, all the while supporting various neurological differences that may be impeding the actual level of development in the first place. The result is a reciprocal interaction that results in an overall improvement in actual brain development processing. This article offers an overview of the theoretical, conceptual, and practical approach to the assessment, diagnosis and treatment of children/adolescents with developmental delays such as autism through the developmental relationship intervention known as DIR/Floortime™. Adaptation of play techniques will be examined for use with those impacted, in individual, and family therapy contexts as the primary area of focus.