Parental influence on the cardiovascular health and body composition of homeschool children (pp. 305-311)
Authors: David A Wachob and Robert E Alman
Abstract: It has been well established that parents can influence their childrenís physical activity levels and health status. These findings often report on public school children and their parents due to the easy access to this population. However, due to the structure of home education, collecting data on this group is often difficult and is underrepresented in the literature. Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between the cardiovascular health and body composition within homeschooling families. Study group: Homeschooling children and their primary caregiver. Method: 30 children were tested to determine their cardiovascular health (VO2 Max) and body composition (BMI and body fat %). Those results were then compared to their parent-teacherís (n=14) cardiovascular health (VO2 Max), and body composition (BMI and body fat %). Relationships were determined by comparing mean scores, and by running Pearsonís correlation tests when controlling for each family group. Results: General comparisons within each family group revealed moderate correlations between VO2 levels (r = .599, p < .01); BMI (r = .743, p < .01); and body fat (r =.616, p < .01). Furthermore, when comparing the parentsí health status to their children it was determined that moderate relationships were found between the two groupsí VO2 levels (r =.667, p < .01), BMI (r = .663, p < .01), and body fat (r = .451, p < .01). Conclusion: The parent-teacherís health status is a notable variable when determining factors that influence homeschooling childrenís cardiovascular health and body composition.