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01.Weathered Crust Elution-Deposited Rare Earth Ores
02.Droughts: New Research
03.Environmental and Geographic Education for Sustainability: Cultural Contexts
04.High Diversity Forest Restoration in Degraded Areas: Methods and Projects in Brazil
05.Cleaner Technologies: Environmental Management Accounting, Investment Appraisal and Financing
06.Wetlands: Ecology, Conservation and Restoration
07.Biosocial Criminology: Challenging Environmentalism’s Supremacy
08.Constructed Wetlands
09.Arid Environments and Wind Erosion
10.Cumulative Environmental Impact Assessment
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Leading-Edge Environmental Biodegradation Research
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Editors: Lyman E. Pawley
Book Description:
This volume presents new leading-edge research on environmental biodegradation which is the destruction of organic compounds by microorganisms. Microorganisms, particularly bacteria, are responsible for the decomposition of both natural and synthetic organic compounds in nature. Mineralization results in complete conversion of a compound to its inorganic mineral constituents (for example, carbon dioxide from carbon, sulfate or sulfide from organic sulfur, nitrate or ammonium from organic nitrogen, phosphate from organophosphates, or chloride from organochlorine). Since carbon comprises the greatest mass of organic compounds, mineralization can be considered in terms of CO2 evolution. Radioactive carbon-14 (14C) isotopes enable scientists to distinguish between mineralization arising from contaminants and soil organic matter. However, mineralization of any compound is never 100% because some of it (10–40% of the total amount degraded) is incorporated into the cell mass or products that become part of the amorphous soil organic matter, commonly referred to as humus. Thus, biodegradation comprises mineralization and conversion to innocuous products, namely biomass and humus. Primary biodegradation is more limited in scope and refers to the disappearance of the compound as a result of its biotransformation to another product.Compounds that are readily biodegradable are generally utilized as growth substrates by single microorganisms. Many of the components of petroleum products (and frequent ground-water contaminants), such as benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene, are utilized by many genera of bacteria as sole carbon sources for growth and energy.

Table of Contents:

Short Communication - Biodegradation and Feasibility of Simple Chitosan Sheet as Drug Delivery Carrier, pp. 1-10;
(Kieko Saito (Institute for Environmental Sciences, Univ. of Shizuoka, Japan))

Research and Review Articles

Chapter 1 - Modern Trends in Application of Immobilized Cells for Environmental Bioremediation, pp. 11-51;
(Elena N. Efremenko, Ilya V. Lyagin, Olga V. Senko, Nikolay A. Stepanov, Olga V. Spiricheva, Rufat E. Azizov (The M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State Univ., Moscow, Russia))

Chapter 2 - Biodegradation of Selected Emerging Organic Contaminants in the Environment- An Overview, pp. 53-93;
(Ajit K. Sarmah (Soil Chemical & Biological Interactions, Landcare Research New Zealand Ltd., Hamilton, New Zealand) and Bent Halling-Sorensen (Dept. of Pharmaceutics and Analytical Chemistry, The Pharmaceutical Faculty, Copenhagen Univ., Denmark))

Chapter 3 - Bioremediation of Diesel Fuel-Contaminated Soils in the Atacama Desert, Chile, pp. 95-129;
(A. Godoy-Faundez (Pontificia Univ. Catolica de Chile, Dept. Ingeniera Quimica y Bioprocesos, Santiago, Chile, Univ. Andres Bello, Santiago, Chile), B. Antizar-Ladislao (Univ. de Cantabria, Dept. Ciencias y Tecnicas del Agua y del Medio Ambiente, Santander, Spain), I. Franke-Whittle (Univ. Innsbruck, Institut fur Mikrobiologie, Innsbruck, Austria), J. L. Turrion-Gomez (Universidad de Salamanca, CIALE, Dept. Microbiologia y Genetica, Spain), L. Perez-Roepke (Universidad Andres Bello, Santiago, Chile))

Chapter 4 - Recent Advancements in Microbial Biodegradation of Dioxins, pp. 131-166;
(K. Murugesan and Yoon-Seok Chang (School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Pohang, Korea))

Chapter 5 - Algal-Based Photobioreactors: The New Technology Platform for Resource-Efficient Pollution Control?, pp. 167-198;
(Raul Munoz (Dept. of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Technology, Valladolid Univ., Spain), and Benoit Guieysse (Division of Environmental and Water Resources Engineering, Nanyang Technological Univ., Singapore))

Chapter 6 - Microorganisms Bioprospection: A New Tendency in Microbial Ecology, pp. 199-222;
(Elcia Margareth Souza Brito (Instituto de Investigacion en Biologia Experimental, Univ. de Guanajuato), Leandro Helgueira Andrade (Dept. de Quimica Fundamental, Univ. de Sao Paulo), Cesar Augusto Caretta (Dept. de Astronomia, Univ. de Guanajuato), Robert Duran (Institut Pluridisciplinaire de Recherche sur l'Environment et les Materiaux Universite de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour))

Chapter 7 - Lignocellulolytic Microorganisms from a Composting Habitat: Current and Future Prospects, pp. 223-247;
(M. C. Vargas-Garcia, M. J. Lopez, F. Suarez-Estrella, J. Moreno (Dept. de Biologia Aplicada, Univ. de Almeria, Almeria, Spain))

Chapter 8 - The Pig Hair Hydrolysis: An Alternative to Landfilling, pp. 249-274;
(M. C. Marquez, M. B. Esteban, J. A. Garcia, P. Ramos (Chemical Engineering Dept., Univ. of Salamanca, Spain))

Chapter 9 - Biodegradation Mechanism in Fungal Decolorization, pp. 275-295;
(Xueheng Zhao (Dept. of Biology, Jackson State Univ., USA) and Ian R. Hardin (Dept. of Textiles, Merchandising and Interiors, Univ. of Georgia, USA))

Chapter 10 - New Trends in Assessment of Compostability of Biodegradable Polymeric Packages, pp. 297-315;
(Gaurav Kale, Thitisilp Kijchavengkul, Rafael Auras (School of Packaging, Michigan State Univ., USA))

Chapter 11 - Chlorine in the Forest Ecosystem (A Radiotracer Study), pp. 317-331;
(Miroslav Matucha (Isotope Laboratory IEB, Institute of Experimental Botany, Videnska, Prague))


   Binding: Hardcover
   Pub. Date: 2007
   Pages: 7 x 10, 351pp.
   ISBN: 1-60021-903-9
   Status: AV
Status Code Description
AN Announcing
FM Formatting
PP Page Proofs
FP Final Production
EP Editorial Production
PR At Prepress
AP At Press
AV Available
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