Globalisation and the Technology Gap: Regional and Time Evidence (pp. 213-227)
Authors: Krishna G. Iyer 1 , Alicia N. Rambaldi 2 and Kam Ki Tang 3 (1 Department of Applied and International Economics Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand 2 School of Economics, The University of Queensland Brisbane QLD 4072, Australia 3 School of Economics, The University of Queensland Brisbane QLD 4072, Australia)
Abstract: This chapter examines the relationship between globalisation and technological progress. It computes an annual and country specific measure of technological gap, the technology ratio (TGR), using a recently proposed method known as metafrontiers. The TGR is measured as the distance from a group frontier to the global (or meta) frontier. The TGRs provide a measure to compare technological capability across countries. The ranking obtained from the metafrontiers method is first compared to other methods based on the direct measure of patents, science articles, schooling etc. The TGRs are then related to levels of trade openness and inbound and outbound foreign direct investment within regions and overtime in an effort to identify the relationship between technological gap and outward orientation.