Intervention for post-traumatic stress disorder in children after disaster: A literature review (pp. 7-15)
Authors: Hiromi Tsujii, Yoshiyuki Tachibana, Makiko Okuyama, and Takashi Igarashi
Abstract: Relevant literature published in English on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in children and adolescents as a result of major disasters, as well as the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) on them was reviewed. The prevalence of PTSD in children and adolescents due to disasters vary greatly, mainly because of differences in trauma exposure, demographic characteristics, environmental factors and study methodology. While there is robust evidence that individual TF-CBT is effective for children and adolescents with PTSD, there are limited randomized controlled trials (RCT) on this topic in those demographics. To determine that TF-CBT is the most effective intervention for children and adolescents with post-disaster PTSD, further RCT studies are needed.