A Comparative Clinical Evaluation of Antimicrobial (Triclosan) Coated Suture Material with Non-Coated Suture Material against Common Bacterial Pathogens in Patients with Chronic Periodont (pp. 37-60)
Authors: Kajol K Shah, SnehalAmberkar, Devanand Shetty, and Janani Vivek Iyer
Abstract: Objective: To evaluate and compare the efficacy of resorbable sutures coated with antimicrobial agent (triclosan) versus non coated-resorbable sutures in periodontal flap surgery in patients with chronic periodontitis
Materials and Methods:
• Study design: A randomized control study.
• Detailed history was taken of 12 patients diagnosed with Chronic Periodontitis
• Recordings of pocket depth, clinical attachment loss, gingival and periodontal indices were made.
• Pre surgical scaling and root planning was performed
• Flap surgery was performed after 1 month.
• Simultaneous use of Antimicrobial coated sutures and non coated sutures was conducted on surgical sites.
• Sutures removed after 8 days and stored in aseptic containers
• Transport of samples for counting of total colony forming units
• Transport of samples for CLSM test
• Re-evaluation of periodontal status of patients was conducted after 3 months
• Comparison and evaluation of results.
Statistical Analysis: Descriptive and analytical statistics was done. Normality of data was analysed by Shapiro-Wilk test. As the data did not follow normal distribution, non-parametric tests were used to analyze the data. The Mann Whitney U was used to check mean differences wherever appropriate.
Results: The results of the study showed a marked reduction in the biofilm formation on triclosan coated sutures when compared to plain (non-coated) sutures and an overall betterment of periodontal conditions in both cases.
Conclusion: Triclosan coated sutures can be safely used in periodontal surgical procedures.