When to Eat, How Often to Eat, What to Eat, and How to Eat (pp. 17-19)
Authors: Ram B. Singh, O. A. Bawareed, Sergey Chibisov, and Magomedov Magomed
Abstract: Franz Halberg demonstrated for the first time that eating in the morning causes a decrease in weight, whereas eating same amount of energy in the evening has no influence on body weight . Epidemiological studies indicate that populations of shift workers, in particular those with the consumption of a large percentage of total daily calories after dinner have increased risk of obesity and metabolic syndrome [2, 3]. Previous clinical studies suggest that consuming a majority of daily nutrients in the night may have adverse effects [1-4]. This review aims to highlight the role of time of eating, food content, way of mastication, and pattern of eating on risk of obesity and metabolic syndrome (MS).
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