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The Good Quality and Good Sleep-Inducing Foods with Reference to Circadian Dysfunction (pp. 105-110) $0.00
Authors:  Ram B. Singh, O. A. Bawareed, Sergey Chibisov, Elena Kharlitskaya, Aminat Megamadova, and Lekh R Juneja
Recent evidence suggests that western-type diets, characterized by high daily intake of saturated fats and refined carbohydrates, trans fat and preserved meats often predispose to obesity and metabolic syndrome, which are risk factors of diabetes and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Apart from CVDs, such diets have also been linked to cognitive impairment and emotional disorders as well as auto-nomic dysfunction, including circadian dysfunction [1-3]. Western diets are rich in foods that are poor in nutrients with high energy and glycemic index without food diversity. Increased intake of such foods may cause oxidative stress, increase in free fatty acids and pro-inflammatory cytokines, predisposing to systemic inflammation, whereas diets rich in vegetables, whole grains, nuts and fruits have anti-inflammatory effects due to increased content of micronutrients, such as short-chain fatty acids and flavonoids [2, 3]. The increase in the inflammation in the adipocytes may be associated with dysregulation of the central circadian clock as well as peripheral clocks in the adipocytes, heart, liver and pancreas [1]. Such dietary patterns may also alter the composition of gut microbiota, influencing brain function by different mechanisms involving the gut–brain axis [4, 5]. In addition, long-term exposure to highly palatable foods typical of western-type diets could induce addictive-like eating behaviors and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis dysregulation, associated with chronic stress, anxiety, and depression [1, 2]. This study aims to find out the effects of an Indo-Mediterranean style diet on the risk of circadian occurrence of cardiovascular events. 

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The Good Quality and Good Sleep-Inducing Foods with Reference to Circadian Dysfunction (pp. 105-110)