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01.Optimization Advances in Electric Power Systems
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Fuel Cell Energy Source for Electric Vehicle Applications
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Authors: Phatiphat Thounthong (Department of Teacher Training in Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Technical Education, King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology North Bangkok,Thailand), Bernard Davat (Groupe de Recherche en Electrotechnique et Electronique de Nancy 
Book Description:
This book presents the utilization of a PEM fuel cell as a main power source in a distributed generation system, particularly for future electric vehicle applications. The fuel cell, known as a high specific energy source at the present time, is one of the well-known alternative sources of electric power generation when given consideration for decreasing oil consumption and hazardous CO2 emissions.
Nevertheless, one of the main weak points of the fuel cell is its time constants dominated by temperature and fuel delivery system (pumps, valves, and in some cases, a hydrogen reformer). As a result, fast load demand will cause a high voltage drop in a short time, recognized as a fuel starvation phenomenon. One must limit the fuel cell current (or power) slope to prevent fuel starvation problems, to improve its performance and lifetime. Therefore, to employ a PEM fuel cell in dynamic applications, the electrical system must have at least an auxiliary power source to improve system performance when electrical loads at a DC bus demand high energy in a short time, as well.
The possibilities to use a supercapacitor or battery bank as an auxiliary source with a fuel cell main source is presented in detail. The very fast power response and high specific power of a supercapacitor or high specific energy of battery can complement the slower power output of the main source to produce the compatibility and performance characteristics needed in a load.
The studies of two hybrid power systems for vehicle applications: a fuel cell/battery hybrid powertrain and a fuel cell/supercapacitor hybrid powertrain are explained. First, the characteristics of fuel cell, battery, and supercapacitor as power sources are summarized. Then the configurations of the two types of hybrid power sources are presented. Finally, prototypes of hybrid power sources with small-scale devices are implemented in the GREEN laboratory. Experimental results authenticate that energy storage devices can assist the fuel cell to meet the vehicle power demand and help achieve a better performance.

Table of Contents:
Preface

About the Author

Chapter 1. Introduction, pp. 1-6

Chapter 2. PEM Fuel Cell, pp. 7-15

Chapter 3. Fuel Cell Power Conditioning, pp. 17-47

Chapter 4. Technology of Electrical Energy Storage Device, pp. 49-61

Chapter 5. Fuel Cell Powered Vehicle, pp. 63-93

Chapter 6. Conclusion, pp. 95-96

Acknowledgments

References

Index

   Binding: Softcover
   Pub. Date: 2008
   Pages: 114 pp.
   ISBN: 978-1-60456-593-5
   Status: AV
  
Status Code Description
AN Announcing
FM Formatting
PP Page Proofs
FP Final Production
EP Editorial Production
PR At Prepress
AP At Press
AV Available
  
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Fuel Cell Energy Source for Electric Vehicle Applications