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Polymer Nanocomposites: Variety of Structural Forms and Applications
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Authors: Abdulakh Kazbulatovich Mikitaev and Georgii Vliadmirovich Kozlov (Kabardino-Balkarian State Univ., Nal'chik, Russia; G.E. Zaikov ( N.M. Emanuel Inst. of Biochemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia) 
Book Description:
Nanotechnologies development in various directions of science and engineering represents one of the most high-priority problems of modern science. One of such directions is the development and research of polymer nanocomposites with filler from nanoparticles and nanotubes possessing the increased strength and flame-resistance.
In the last decade in the world literature a large amount of works have appeared which are dedicated both to technological and fundamental problems of polymer nanocomposites creation. The main part of these works adduced studies of polymer nanocomposites structure and properties, in which as filler organoclays with particles size of nanometer scale (for example, Na+-montmorillonite) were applied as a filler. Key studies in this field mainly use various kinds of modifications of large micromechanical models, created at one time for the description of polymer composites properties in general. These modifications are cumbersome enough, and mainly use complex computer technologies and although with their help convincing enough results were obtained, one should pay attention on their narrowness. In present quite many classes of polymer nanocomposites are obtained, having different reinforcement mechanisms, but the general ones in the sense, that these mechanisms are realized at the expence of introduction in polymer matrix particles of nanometer sizes. As it is known, the main peculiarity of such particles is a sharply increased polymer-filler contact area in comparison with usual fillers of micron scale size, that gives maximum reinforcement effect at small nanofiller contents. Hence it follows, that the main research object in the given case should be interfacial phenomena on polymer matrix-filler boundary, to which Academician Lipatov pointed as long as 40 years ago. Another important postulate is the fractal nature of nanoparticles structure, defining the mentioned above interfacial interactions level. The two postulates mentioned would be the main at the structure and properties of polymer nanocomposites analysis in the present monograph. At the same time the authors do not exlude the application of other model representations, for example, of the mentioned above micromechanical models.

The purpose of the present monograph is the research of structure-properties relationships, defining a polymer nanocomposites reinforcement mechanism, for seven different classes of these materials. For these tasks solution the modern physical conceptions: synergetics of solid body, cluster model of polymers amorphous state structure, percolation theory are used.

Table of Contents:

Chapter 1. Nanocomposites with elastomeric matrix (rubbers)pp.1-48
1.1. The fractal structure of fillers for rubbers
1.2. Structural-kinetic model of blacks reactive capability
1.3. The key aspects of filling of nanocomposites with elastomeric matrix
1.4. A reinforcement mechanisms of nanocomposites with elastomeric matrix

Chapter 2. A nanocomposites, filled by ultrafine particles with special properties pp.49-116
2.1. The structure of nanocomposites with semi-crystalline matrix and addition of ultrafine mixture Fe/FeO
2.2. The properties of nanocomposites HDPE+Z and PBT+Z
2.2.1. The deformation behaviour of nanocomposites HDPE+Z
2.2.2. The properties of nanocomposites HDPE+Z at impact loading
2.2.3. The properties of nanocomposites HDPE+Z melts
2.2.4. The diffusive characteristics of nanocomposites HDPE+Z
2.2.5. The inhibition of thermooxidative degradation in nanocomposites with Z addition
2.2.6. The thermal stability of nanocomposites HDPE+Z
2.2.7. Stability to the cracking in active mediums of nanocomposites HDPE+Z
2.3. A nanocomposites with elastomeric matrix filled by ultrafine particles

Chapter 3. Polymer-polymeric nanocomposites pp.117-138
3.1. The fractal model of nanocomposites crystallization
3.2. The melt viscosity of nanocomposites HDPE-EP
3.3. The mechanical properties of nanocomposites HDPE-EP
3.4. The diffusive characteristics of nanocomposites HDPE-EP

Chapter 4. The nanocomposites polymer/organoclay pp.139-206
4.1. The main structural characteristics and properties of nanocomposites polymer/organoclay
4.2. Nanocomposites structure formation
4.3. The reinforcement mechanisms of polymer nanocomposites
4.4. The yield and cold flow of nanocomposites on the basis of polypropylene
4.5. The analysis of nanocomposites fracture

Chapter 5. Nanocomposites, filled by ultrafine disperse particles pp..207-258
5.1. The structural features of nanocomposites
5.1.1. The nanoadhesion effect
5.1.2. The theoretical description of nanoadhesion effect: fractal models
5.1.3. The fractal aspects of nanoadhesion effect
5.1.4. Aggregation of nanofiller particles in nanocomposites, filled by disperse particles
5.2. Mechanical properties of nanocomposites, filled by dispersed particles
5.2.1. The reinforcement mechanism
5.2.2. The yield process
5.2.3. The nanocomposites strength in compression tests
5.2.4. Impact toughness of nanocomposites
5.2.5. The microhardness of nanocomposites
5.3. Heat-physical and thermal properties of nanocomposites, filled by dispersed particles
5.3.1. The glass transition temperature
5.3.2. Thermal expansion of nanoadhesion
5.3.3. Heat conductivity and spectric heat of nanoadhesion
5.3.4. Thermal properties of nanocomposites
5.4. Frictional wear of nanocomposites, filled by dispersed particles

Chapter 6. The nanocomposites, filled by carbon nanotubes pp.259-284
6.1. The synergetics of nanocomposites structure formation
6.2. Mechanical properties of nanocomposites, filled by carbon nanotubes
6.2.1. The reinforcement degree
6.2.2. The yield process
6.2.3. The plasticity of nanocomposites, filled by carbon nanotubes
6.3. The synergetics of nanocomposites structure formation
6.4. The frictional wear mechanism of nanocomposites phenylone/CNT

Chapter 7. The hybrid nanocomposites pp.285-298
7.1. The reinforcement mechanisms of hybrid nanocomposites
7.2. Heat resistance of hybrid nanocomposites

Appendix The representation of amorphous glassy polymers structure as nanocomposites pp.299-306

Index pp.307-319

   Binding: Hardcover
   Pub. Date: 2008
   Pages: pp.319
   ISBN: 978-1-60692-121-0
   Status: AV
Status Code Description
AN Announcing
FM Formatting
PP Page Proofs
FP Final Production
EP Editorial Production
PR At Prepress
AP At Press
AV Available
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Polymer Nanocomposites: Variety of Structural Forms and Applications