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Prison Privatization: A Study of the Causes and Magnitude
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Authors: Yijia Jing (Fudan University) 
Book Description:
This new book presents research on prison privatization in the US, with a focus on state prison privatization. The basic thrust is to research the privatization of a governmental function that is traditionally treated as a core function and involves the use of force. Specifically, the author researched the basic drives of prison privatization and the variation of the magnitude of state prison privatization among the 50 US states. The basic idea is to examine the influence of political and pragmatic factors to make sure the fundamental nature of the privatization of imprisonment, and further, of core governmental functions. The author's general argument is that prison privatization was pushed forward by the changing political environment. Pragmatic and economic concerns or demands are derived from the political changes and are of secondary but still direct importance.

This book has a detailed exploration of the whole picture of prison privatization, with rich data and analysis.

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Table of Contents:

An explanation of state prison privatization in the US
Contributions to research and practice
A roadmap of the book


1 An overview, p.1
Introduction, p.1
1.1 Basic patterns of privatization, p.1
1.2 Debates on the causes of privatization, p.3
1.3 A discussion of the privatization of core governmental functions, p.5
1.3.1 Two privatization-related properties of core functions, p.7
1.3.2 Imprisonment as a core function, p.10
1.4 A historical review of state prison privatization, p.12
1.5 Definition and patterns of state prison privatization (SPP)pp.17
1.6 Core concepts and research questions in the SPP decision, p.20
1.7 A review of the causes of prison privatization in the US, pp.23
1.7.1 Theory-based and case-based explanations of state prison
privatization, p.34
1.7.2 Empirical literature on the prison privatization decision, p.29
1.8 Recapitulation, p.34

2 The economic logic of state prison privatization
Introduction, p.35
2.1 Private state prisons: market and service, p.35
2.2 Economic performance of private state prisons, p.39
2.3 Recapitulation, p.44

3 The politics of state prison privatization
Introduction, p.45
3.1 Conservative social control and SPP, p.45
3.1.1 The rise of the US custodial state, p.45
3.1.2 SPP as a constitutive element of the custodial state
3.2 Neoliberal economic policies and SPP, p.51
3.2.1 Neoliberal economic philosophy , p.52
3.2.2 Correctional reforms under economic Neoliberalism, p.54
3.2.3 SPP as the ideal-type of neoliberal correctional reform, p.55
3.3 A path-dependent view on SPP, p.56
3.4 A generalization of the political logic of SPP, p.59
3.5 Recapitulation, p.60
4 An empirical exploration of the magnitude of SPP, 61
Introduction, p.61
4.1 Measurement of the magnitude of SPP, p.61
4.2 Assumption, decision factors, and hypotheses, p.64
4.2.1 Variables of instrumental concerns, p.66
4.2.2 Political variables, p.67
4.2.3 Other explanatory variables, p.71
4.2.4 Control variable, p.73
4.3 Operationalization and analysis of the explanatory variables, p.73
4.4 Data structure, p.80
4.5 Tobit Analysis: the reduced and the complete Model, p.82
4.6 Recapitulation, p.84

5 Results, p.85
Introduction, p.85
5.1 The results of the Tobit models, p.85
5.1.1 Comparison between the reduced and the complete models, p.86
5.1.2 A discussion on the decision factors, p.88
5.1.3 Tobit results across 1999-2003 period, p.93
5.1.4 A comparison between New York and New Mexico, p.95
5.2 Probabilistic and substantive effects of explanatory variables, p.96
5.3 Comparison between Tobit, Logistic, GLM, and OLS models, p.100
5.3.1 Tobit vs. Logistic, p.100
5.3.2 Tobit vs. GLM, p.101
5.3.3 Tobit vs. OLS, p.102
5.4 A prediction and explanation of the national trend of SPP, p.102
5.5 Limits of this research, p.105
5.6 Recapitulation, p.106

6 Conclusions, p.107
Introduction, p.107
6.1 Why have state governments privatized prisons?, p.107
6.2 Policy implications and future research directions, p.110

Bibliography, p.117

Appendices. p.129
A Empirical research comparing per inmate operating costs
between public and private Prisons, p.129
B Conviction-based disenfranchisement state legislation. p.130
C Federal and state prisoners in private facilities in 2002-2003, p.131
D The correlation matrix of independent variables, p.133
E Variance of Inflation Factor (VIF) coefficients, p.134
F An introduction to the Tobit Model, p.134
G An illustration of the decomposition of Tobit effects, p.136
H Logistics results of SPP data, p.137
I GLM results of SPP data , p.138
J OLS results of SPP data, p.139

Index, p.141-147

   Binding: Softcover
   Pub. Date: 2011 - 2nd quarter
   Pages: 147.pp
   ISBN: 978-1-60692-797-7
   Status: AV
Status Code Description
AN Announcing
FM Formatting
PP Page Proofs
FP Final Production
EP Editorial Production
PR At Prepress
AP At Press
AV Available
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Prison Privatization: A Study of the Causes and Magnitude