Conflict is a major cause of suffering for millions of people throughout the world. Conflict inhibits development and fosters displacement, destruction of infrastructure, loss of food and economic security, abuse of human rights, dislocation of families and communities and loss of cultural identity. In the past, provision of aid was unusual in areas conflict. However, recognition of the immediate human needs within periods of conflict has seen an increased provision and role the provision of aid now plays. Aid in conflict is an emerging area interest that has lacked attention and reflection within the aid and development literature. This edited volume will be an opportunity for development practitioners, community members and theorists to address this situation.